What is the microbiome?
Characteristics of the microbiome in the human body and relationship with diseases
(1) Characteristics of the microbiome
(2) Relationship with disease and opportunities for therapy
Most recently, the relationship with gut microbiome is increasingly being recognized for its influence in health and disease. Several evidences have indicated that the human microbiome can more specifically influence the outcome of cancer immunotherapy, such as impacting on cancer initiation, progression, and response to therapy.
(3) Expanding the scope and scale of microbiome research and development
The link between the gut microbiome and human diseases has been discovered based on scientific database. Using such scientific database, the multinational pharmaceutical companies and Food & Nutrition companies are expanding microbiome R&D areas from nutritional food to cosmetics and immunotherapies. Throughout the various studies, types of species is also diversified from the common species, such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium to the newly discovered species – Akkermansia, which is now used in various areas.